Soldier and Peasant in French Popular Culture, 1766-1870

David M. Hopkin

A study of the differing views of the conscript based on evidence along the eastern border of France. The popular idea of the swaggering military folk-hero, a potent image for the peasant-conscript, contrasts with the elitist view of conscription as "the nation in arms".
Date Published :
August 2013
Publisher :
Boydell and Brewer
Series :
Royal Historical Society Studies in History New Series
Illustration :
54 black and white
Format Available    QuantityPrice
Binding : Paperback
ISBN : 9781843838432
Pages : 408
Dimensions : 9.25 X 6.25 inches
Stock Status : In stock


Revolutionary France gave the modern world the concept of the "nation-in-arms", a potent combination of nationalism, militarism and republicanism embodied in the figure of the conscript. But it was not a concept shared by those most affected by conscription, the peasantry, who regarded the soldier as representative of an entirely different way of life. Concentrating on the militarised borderlands of eastern France, this book examines the disjuncture between the patriotic expectations of elites and the sentiments expressed in popular songs, folktales and imagery. Hopkin follows the soldier through his life-cycle to show how the peasant recruit was separated from his previous life and re-educated in military mores; and he demonstrates how the state-sponsored rituals of conscription and the popular imagery aimed at adolescent males portrayed the army as a place where young men could indulge in adventure far from parental and communal restraints. The popular idea of moustachioed military folk-heroes contributed more to the process of turning "peasants into Frenchmen" than the mythology of the "nation-in-arms". WINNER OF THE 2002 RHS GLADSTONE PRIZE. David M. Hopkin is tutor and fellow in history at Hertford College, Oxford University.


IntroductionImages of the soldierThe soldier's taleConscripts and volunteersThe serving soldier: friend and foeThe veteranConclusion: "two races of men"?

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