Merchant Crusaders in the Aegean, 1291-1352

Mike Carr

An examination of the changing nature of crusade and its participants in the late medieval Mediterranean.
Date Published :
June 2019
Publisher :
Boydell and Brewer
Series :
Warfare in History
Illustration :
4 black and white, 4 line drawing
Format Available    QuantityPrice
Binding : Paperback
ISBN : 9781783274055
Pages : 214
Dimensions : 9.25 X 6.25 inches
Stock Status : Available


The period from the fall of Acre until the end of the Crusade of Smyrna signified a dramatic shift in crusade impetus, as expeditions to liberate the Holy Land were superseded by those aimed at reducing the maritime power of the Turks in the Aegean. With this shift came a change in participation, as the members of the merchant republics of Venice and Genoa, together with the Frankish states in the Aegean, began slowly to replace the chivalry of western Europe as the most suitable leaders of a crusade. This resulted in a subtle alteration in how the papacy aimed to justify a crusade and encourage involvement from the merchant crusaders who were vital for its success.
Drawing on a wealth of previously unexplored sources, including those related to crusading and also those recording trade between Christians and Muslims in the eastern Mediterranean, this book analyses the changing Latin perceptions of the Greeks and Turks during the period, the nature of the military response to the threat posed by the Turks in the Aegean and the relationship between the papacy and the merchant crusaders. In its investigation of the complex interplay between mercantile objectives and crusading ideals, it sheds revealing insights into the complexities of crusading in the later Middle Ages.

Mike Carr is Lecturer in Late Medieval History at the University of Edinburgh.


The Splintered Aegean World
A New Enemy: The Emergence of the Turks as a 'Target' of a Crusade
Latin Response to the Turks: The Naval Leagues
Logistics and Strategies
The Papacy and the Naval Leagues
Cross-Cultural Trade in the Aegean and Economic Mechanisms for Merchant Crusaders

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